- This topic has 1 reply, 1 voice, and was last updated 1 year, 8 months ago by samuelddarden.
December 23, 2021 at 3:43 am #25694Zoe CCCGuest
Tibetan dwellings are very distinctive. The bunker houses in the valleys of southern Tibet, the tents in the pastoral areas of northern Tibet, and the wooden buildings in the forest area of the Yarlung Zangbo River Basin have their own characteristics. While paying attention to cold, wind, and earthquake protection, Tibetan dwellings also adopt methods such as opening air doors, setting patios, skylights, etc., to better solve the impact of unfavorable factors such as climate and geography on production and life, and achieve the effects of ventilation and heating.
The formation and development of religious settlements have added to the charm of Tibetan dwellings. For example, the Barkor Street residential complex in Lhasa developed around the Jokhang Temple and is a typical representative of religious settlements in cities and towns. The formation of residential settlements in farming and pastoral areas is mostly centered on monasteries, freely distributed and scattered with each other, forming a pattern of disassociation. There are two traditional Tibetan house types: blockhouses and tents.
Diaofang is a common residential building for Tibetan people in the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau in southwest China and parts of Inner Mongolia. This is a kind of house built with chaotic rocks or soil, three to four stories high. Because it looks like a bunker, it is called a bunker. The name of the bunker can be traced back to at least the Qianlong period of the Qing Dynasty (1736 AD). The walls of Tibetan dwellings are thick and thin at the bottom, large and small at the bottom, and the building plans are relatively simple, generally square planes, but also curved ruler-shaped planes.
Tents are the main living form of people in pastoral areas such as Nagqu and Ali. Its plane is generally square or rectangular. It uses wooden sticks to support a frame about 2 meters high and is covered with black yak felt blankets. It is hauled around with cow hair rope and fixed to the ground. This kind of tent is simple to make, flexible to disassemble and assemble, and convenient to transport. It is a special architectural form adopted by the people in pastoral areas to adapt to the mobile lifestyle of living by water and grass.February 1, 2022 at 3:56 am #26000samuelddardenGuest
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